Electrolyzed water is the result of a process known as electrolysis. This is the process of passing an electrical current through a substance to effect a chemical change. In this case, softened tap water is passed through an electrolytic cell that contains multiple chambers, some with a positive electrical charge, the others with a negative charge. A salt bridge is used to pass electricity through the cell. In this design the salt bridge is in an open brine bath.
Salt contains chloride and sodium, the chloride ions are migrated into the positively charged chambers and sodium ions are migrated into the chamber with the negative charge. Both are passed through selective ion transfer membranes that are designed to permit only chloride ions or only sodium ions into the respective chambers.
In the positively charged chamber, chloride ions, which are naturally negatively charged, are attracted to the positive charge and will combine with H2O molecules to create HOCl or hypochlorous acid. Some call this acidic electrolyzed water, electrolyzed oxidative (EO) water or anolyte. We call ours PathoCide®.
In the negatively charged chamber, sodium ions, which are naturally positively charged, are attracted to the negative charge and will combine with a hydrogen and oxygen ion to create NaOH or sodium hydroxide. Some call this alkaline electrolyzed water, electrolyzed reductive (ER) water or catholyte. We call ours PathoClean®.
PathoCide is a powerful disinfectant/sanitizer; PathoClean is a degreaser and cleaner.